Acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) is inflammation of the
kidney usually caused by a medicine but also may be caused by streptococcal, viral, or legionella
infections. Acute interstitial nephritis can lead to kidney failure.
Medicines that commonly cause acute interstitial nephritis include
allopurinol, antibiotics, cimetidine, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Symptoms of acute interstitial nephritis include a skin
rash, fever, and an abnormal sediment in the urine.
acute interstitial nephritis includes correcting the cause by discontinuing the
medicine or treating the underlying infection. If acute interstitial
nephritis is diagnosed and treated early enough, kidney function will improve
May 10, 2011
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Tushar J. Vachharajani, MD, FASN, FACP - Nephrology
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