Neurosurgery is the surgical specialization that treats diseases and disorders of the brain and spinal cord.
Conditions treated by our neurosurgeons include:
- Spinal disc herniation
- Cervical spinal stenosis and Lumbar spinal stenosis
- Head trauma (brain hemorrhages, aneurysms, fractures, etc.)
- Spinal cord trauma
- Traumatic injuries of peripheral nerves
- Tumors of the spine, spinal cord and peripheral nerves
- Intracerebral hemorrhage, such as subarachnoid hemorrhage, interdepartmental, and intracellular hemorrhages
- Intractable pain of cancer or trauma patients and cranial/peripheral nerve pain
Back pain can sometimes produce neurological symptoms such as numbness, muscle weakness and loss of bowel and bladder control due to dysfunction at the nerve root.
These symptoms are indicators that neurosurgery is required to treat the underlying cause of back pain as opposed to conservative treatments. Procedures to treat back pain under the realm of neurosurgery include discectomy, laminectomy and spinal fusion surgery.
Back and Spine Care
Most spine problems can be treated without surgery. In some cases, however, your spine care team may suggest surgery as a good option for relieving your symptoms. Surgical options include:
- Microdiscectomy: Removing part of a damaged spinal disc using microscopically enhanced techniques.
- Laminotomy, laminectomy (decompression): Cutting away part of a vertebra to open the spinal canal and relieve pressure on a nerve or the spinal cord.
- Spinal fusion: Joining (fusing) two vertebrae so that there’s no movement between them.
- Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF): Removing a disc in the neck (cervical) region of your spine and fusing the vertebrae above and below it.
- Vertebroplasty: Injecting special cement into a collapsed vertebra to stabilize and support the damaged bone.
- Kyphoplasty: Injecting a special balloon and cement into a collapsed vertebra. The balloon is inflated inside the vertebra to restore the original height of the bone, and the cement helps preserve this shape after the balloon is removed.
- Total disc replacement (arthroplasty): Removing an entire damaged spinal disc and replacing it with an artificial disc to help preserve motion between two vertebrae.