Bone marrow transplantation, also known as blood and marrow transplantation, has evolved over the past 20 years into a successful therapy for a variety of malignant and non-malignant diseases that in the past would have not been curable.
Types of Transplants
Bone marrow transplantation involves the replacement of stem cells from bone marrow following a high dose chemotherapy and radiation. You and your transplant physician will decide which type of transplant will be the best treatment option for you. The two main types are:
- Allogeneic (a donor supplies the marrow or stem cells)
- Autologous (the patient's own bone marrow or stem cells are used)