From the time of diagnosis, until the end of treatment, your child will receive various medications and therapies. This section explains some of these treatments.


Chemotherapy is the use of medicines to damage or kill rapidly growing cells. Because cancer cells grow rapidly, chemotherapy can be very effective. Chemotherapy comes in many different forms. Some is oral and comes as a liquid or pill. Some is given as an injection. Other chemotherapy is given through a catheter into a vein.

There are many chemotherapy drugs. The type of chemotherapy your child will receive depends on the type of cancer they have. Some chemotherapy works better for certain cancers. You will receive information about the specific medications your child will receive, including why it is given, how it is given and any expected side effects.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is a form of x-ray treatment. These special rays stop cells from growing and dividing.

Radiation therapy is usually done on the specific body part that has a tumor. Because it is important that children hold still when they are receiving this therapy, radiation staff will help determine if your child will be able to hold still or whether they will need sedation. 


Surgery may be used for various reasons during cancer therapy. It may be used to take a tiny piece of tissue from the abnormal growth (biopsy), remove a growth (resection) or to put in a central line.

Bone Marrow Transplant

Bone marrow transplant is used as a treatment for some blood and bone marrow diseases, some tumors, and some genetic disorders. Work is done prior to admission to prepare the child for transplant and to locate a donor. If your child will receive a bone marrow transplant more information will be provided.

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