Microvascular surgery is a general term used to describe procedures performed with a microscope as a way to repair very small blood vessels, approximately 3-5 millimeters in diameter.
Why is Microvascular Surgery Performed?
Generally, microvascular surgery is performed to reconnect blood vessels from detached fingers, hands, arms, and other amputated parts of the body. This is a delicate procedure that needs to be done before the tissue in the detached appendige starts to die.
With advancements in technology, in addition to repairing tiny blood vessels, surgeons are now able to also repair damaged nerves with microvascular surgery. In the past, if a nerve was damaged by a traumatic injury, a similar nerve would have been surgically taken from a different part of the body, leaving that part essentially paralyzed. The nerve would have then been used to repair the damaged limb or appendage. Today, microvasuclar surgeons are often able to insert a graft into the damaged part of the nerve to repair it, rather than damage a different part of the body.
What Should You Do if a Part of Your Body Becomes Detached?
If you are playing a sport, working at your job, or just working in the kitchen, there is always a possibility for injury. If you are injured, it is important to know what to do in order to increase the potential of making a full recovery without suffering long-term damage.
First, and most importantly, if you are inured try not to panic. Call 911 immediately, or have someone drive you to a hospital. Do not delay. Getting to the emergency room quickly can help save the tissue. Make sure you bring the detached part with you.
If your injury is severe and you call 911, emergency medical technicians can start to prepare your for surgery in the ambulance, before you get to the hospital. Depending on the severity of your injury, this may be your best option.
Advancements in microvascular surgery are happening every day and our orthopedic surgeons at the Orthopedic Speciality Group continue to lead the way.