Dyscoordination, Developmental Coordination Disorder, Coordination Impairment, or Lack of Coordination

Lack of ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements of the muscles. The condition may affect the limbs, trunk, eyes, pharynx, larynx, and other structures.

Symptoms:

"Clumsiness" and difficulty with:

  • pedaling a bike or trike, hopping, skipping
  • throwing, catching, or kicking a ball
  • handwriting
  • fastening clothing
  • using feeding utensils

Evaluation:

  • Your doctor may refer you to a pediatric therapist. Your child may be evaluated by a Speech/Language Pathologist, Physical Therapist, or Occupational Therapist.  These therapists work together to ensure the best possible treatment plan for your child.
  • Each therapist will review your child's medical history and talk to you about your concerns. They will discuss with you your child's ability to participate in home life, play, and school related activities.
  • The physical therapist may measure your child's strength, balance, posture, movement, and ability to walk and move about.
  • An occupational therapist may assess your child's abilities to care for themselves. They will observe your child and ask you about how your child eats, and if they can feed themself, dress, bathe, brush their teeth, comb their hair, and take care of their tolieting needs.
  • A speech-language pathologist may test your child's ability to eat, to swallow, and to speak so others can understand them.
  • The therapist(s) will discuss the results of the evaluation with you and will talk with you about treatment. Together you will decide on a plan to best meet your child's needs.

Treatment:

Depending upon your child's needs, therapy could be focused on strengthening weak muscles, improving balance, coordination and posture (i.e. roll, sit, crawl, walk), fine motor development (i.e. self feeding, toy play, dressing), or speech development (talking, eating, socializing with others, participating in play groups, nursery school, etc).

Therapists provide treatment through adaptive play to help the child engage. The therapists teach the child and/or parent exercises and activities for the child to practice or use at home.

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