Limited range of motion is a reduction in a joints normal range of movement.
 
Limited range of motion can result from:
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Congenital torticollis
  • Dislocation (of most joints)
  • Fracture of elbow
  • Fractures through most joints
  • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
  • Nursemaid's elbow, an injury to the elbow joint -- extremely common
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Septic joint (especially septic hip)
  • Syphilis

Evaluation:

During evaluation the therapist will discuss your child’s medical history and your concerns. They will then complete a physical examination of your child that will include measuring range of motion for each joint, and may include measuring your child’s muscle tone, strength, observing your child complete a set of activities or play. After the evaluation you will determine of therapy is recommended and discuss a treatment plan.  

Treatment:

Your physical therapist or occupational therapist will recommend range of motion exercises. Range of motion exercises are gentle stretching exercises that move each joint as far as possible in all directions. Normal daily activities do not take joints through their full range of motion.
Range of motion exercises are recommend to help keep joints mobile, prevent stiffness and reduce deformities.
 
The therapist will also work with you and your child to determine strategies to help your child do functional activities such as; play, dress, move around.
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