Scoliosis means having a curve in the spine. The curve may be “c” or “s” shaped. Often, scoliosis is identified during adolescence. There may be a cause for scoliosis such as a shortened leg, neuromuscular imbalance or it may be idiopathic scoliosis meaning the cause is unknown.


  • spinal curvature
  • prominence of one hip
  • rounded shoulders
  • leg length discrepancy
  • uneven waist line
  • pain


Your doctor may refer you to be evaluated by a physical therapist. The physical therapist will discuss your medical history and the reason you are coming for the evaluation.
They will then complete a physical exam looking for structural changes, abnormalities, muscle imbalances or movement abnormalities. They may test your posture, balance and muscle strength.

After the evaluation, the therapist will discuss the need for treatment or referral to other providers.


The physical therapist will develop a plan of care that includes your goals and preferences. Usually, the physical therapist will develop an exercise program that includes exercises for stretching and strengthening of spinal muscles. Depending on your situation, treatment may also include manual therapy and/or education to address posture, body mechanics and/or ergonomics.
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