Learn about Radiation Therapy

Radiation Therapy for Gallbladder Cancer

If you have been diagnosed with gallbladder cancer, your doctor may recommend radiation therapy as part of your treatment. This type of treatment uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells or k...

Therapeutic Radiology (Radiation Oncology)

Listed in the directory below are some of the more common therapeutic radiology procedures, for which we have provided a brief overview. Therapeutic Radiology Overview External Beam Therapy Brachyther...

Combination Therapy for Laryngeal Cancer

When you have advanced laryngeal cancer, your treatment options generally include some combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation treatment. This is an aggressive treatment approach. When rad...

Urethral Cancer Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. Two types of radiation can be used in the treatment of urethral cancer: external beam radiation and brachy...

Pituitary Tumor Radiation Therapy

Radiation is often used to treat pituitary tumors that come back after surgery. It may also be used to treat pituitary tumors that cause symptoms that medication cannot relieve. Sometimes, if a tumor ...

Stomach Cancer: Radiation Therapy

Stomach cancer may be treated with radiation therapy. It is also called radiotherapy. It works by directing strong X-rays at the cancer areas. This destroys cancer cells. A radiation oncologist will c...

Melanoma:�Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses strong X-rays to kill cancer cells. Your doctor may advise it to kill any extra melanoma cells after surgery. It can also be used for advanced melanomas to try to ease pain. It ...

Adrenal Cancer Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. Radiation can be used before surgery to shrink the size of a tumor, making surgery easier and more effecti...

Radiation Therapy and Cancer Treatment

Radiation therapy (also called therapeutic radiology or radiation oncology) uses X-rays, gamma rays, and charged particles to fight cancer. Like surgery, radiation therapy is used in several ways depe...

Thyroid Cancer External Radiation Therapy

In radiation therapy, strong, high-energy rays kill cancer cells or slow their growth. In external radiation therapy, the radiation is aimed at the cancer from a source outside the body. External radi...

Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer Treatment

What is radiation therapy? Radiation therapy is a process that precisely sends high levels of radiation directly to the cancer cells. Radiation done after surgery can kill cancer cells that may not be...

Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer: Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses strong X-rays to kill cancer cells. It may be used on its own, or along with other types of treatment. How radiation therapy is done For nonmelanoma skin cancer, electron beam r...

Radiation Therapy for Cervical Cancer

Radiation treatment is also called radiotherapy. It's one way to treat cervical cancer. The goal of radiation is to kill cancer cells. It works by directing strong X-rays at the tumor. To get this tre...

What Happens During Radiation Therapy for Colorectal Cancer

For colorectal cancer, the most common way to receive radiation is from a machine outside your body that emits an invisible X-ray beam. This is called external radiation. A doctor who specializes in c...

What Happens During Radiation Therapy for CLL

Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells. It is usually not part of the main treatment for people with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), but it may be used in certain situation...

If You Are Having Radiation Therapy

Questions for the doctor: What is the goal of this treatment? How will the radiation be given? How many treatments will I get? Over what period of time? When will the treatment begin? When will it end...

Prostate Cancer: External-Beam Radiation Therapy

Prostate cancer may be treated with radiation therapy. It is also called radiotherapy. It works by sending radiation to the cancer sites. This can kill cancer cells or stop them from growing. There ar...

What to Know About Radiation Therapy for Vulvar Cancer

Radiation therapy is one way to treat vulvar cancer. This treatment is also called radiotherapy. Radiation is a local treatment, which means it affects the cancer cells only in the area treated. Radia...

What to Know About Radiation Therapy for Anal Cancer

Radiation therapy is one way to treat anal cancer. This treatment is also called radiotherapy. It uses X-rays to control the growth of cancer cells. Radiation is a local treatment. That means it affec...

Making the Decision to Have Radiation Therapy for Kidney Cancer

For most cancers, the goal of radiation therapy is to use high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors or keep them from coming back. This may also ease symptoms, such as bleeding or pain...

What Happens During Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer

What happens during radiation therapy depends on whether you get external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) or internal radiation therapy, which is also called brachytherapy. EBRT is the more common way t...

What Happens During Radiation Therapy for Uterine Cancer

Radiation therapy for uterine sarcoma and endometrial cancer is often very similar. The type and dose of the radiation depend on the type and stage of tumor. You can get external radiation or intracav...

What to Know About Radiation Therapy for Liver Cancer

Radiation is sometimes used to help relieve the pain and discomfort of liver cancer by shrinking the tumor. One of the limitations of radiation therapy in liver cancer is that normal liver tissue cann...

Common Side Effects after Radiation Therapy for Oral Cancer

Radiation affects normal cells as well as cancer cells. You may have side effects, depending on how much radiation you get and where you get it. Here are side effects that people with oral cancer may ...

Radiation Therapy for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Radiation therapy uses X-rays or another source to kill cancer cells. It is rarely used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). It may be used to ease symptoms, such as pain or pressure on organs. In...

Therapeutic Radiology Overview

Therapeutic radiology is also called radiation oncology or radiation therapy. It is the treatment of cancer and other diseases with radiation. Oncology is the branch of medicine concerned with the dia...

External Beam Therapy

What is external beam therapy? External beam therapy is a type of therapeutic radiology that is delivered externally from a machine directed to the cancer inside the patient. Examples of external beam...

Brachytherapy

What is brachytherapy? Brachytherapy is radiation treatment that is given inside the patient, as close to the cancer as possible. The radiation is delivered inside the body with radioactive isotopes (...

Radiosurgery

What is radiosurgery? Radiosurgery, also called stereotactic radiosurgery, is a very precise form of therapeutic radiology. Even though it is called surgery, radiosurgery does not involve actual surge...

Advances in Therapeutic Radiology

Like all medical specialties, the field of therapeutic radiology continues to make advances in knowledge and technology. Many newer radiation modalities are being used and studied to find more effecti...

Therapeutic Radiology Overview

Therapeutic radiology is also called radiation oncology or radiation therapy. It is the treatment of cancer and other diseases with radiation. Oncology is the branch of medicine concerned with the dia...

Therapeutic Radiology (Radiation Oncology)

Listed in the directory below are some of the more common therapeutic radiology procedures, for which we have provided a brief overview. Therapeutic Radiology Overview External Beam Therapy Brachyther...

Radiology Topic Index

Topic Index The Radiologist The Radiology Team Diagnostic Radiology Therapeutic Radiology (Radiation Oncology) Interventional Radiology Radiology is the branch of medicine that uses radioactive substa...

Learn about Cancer Care

What is Endometrial Cancer?

Cancer happens when cells in your body go through changes that make them grow out of control. Endometrial cancer starts in the inner lining of the uterus called the endometrium. About the uterus The u...

Understanding Your Stage of Endometrial Cancer

Stage is the word doctors use to describe where the tumor is in your body and how far the cancer has spread. The stage defines the location or locations of the cancer. Doctors use the stage to describ...

Making the Decision to Have Chemotherapy for Endometrial Cancer

Chemotherapy is the use of cancer-fighting drugs given either as a pill or put directly into a vein. Although it is not commonly the first treatment used for endometrial cancer, your doctor may feel i...

Frequently Asked Questions About Uterine Cancer

Here are some answers to some of the more common questions people ask about uterine cancer. Q: What is the uterus? A: The uterus is a hollow, pear-shaped organ. It is located in a woman's pelvis betwe...

What Do You Know About Reproductive Cancers?

What Do You Know About Reproductive Cancers? Cancer can strike any part of the reproductive system, but research has led to better diagnoses, treatments, and a lower chance of death for many of these ...

If You are Diagnosed With Cancer: Questions for your doctor

Questions for your doctor: What kind of cancer do I have? Has it spread beyond where it started? What lab tests were completed, and what did they show? Do I need any additional lab tests or diagnostic...

What are the Symptoms of Cervical Cancer?

Women with precancerous lesions in their cervix usually have no symptoms. A woman typically does not have any symptoms until the cells turn into cancer and then grow and invade the deepest parts of th...

How Does My Doctor Know I Have Thyroid Cancer?

Sometimes, doctors will notice signs of thyroid cancer, such as a lump or swelling in your neck, during a routine checkup. If your doctor thinks you have thyroid cancer, he or she will ask you about y...

What Are the Symptoms of Kidney Cancer?

What are the symptoms of kidney cancer? Kidney cancer often causes no symptoms in its early stages. As the cancer grows, it can cause symptoms such as: Blood in the urine. Blood in the urine (hematuri...

Tests That Help Evaluate Liver Cancer

Once your doctor knows you have liver cancer, you may need other tests to see whether the cancer has spread outside of the liver. This allows doctors to determine the stage of the cancer and to design...

What is Esophageal Cancer?

To help you understand what is happening when you have cancer, it helps to understand how your body works normally. Our bodies are made up of tiny building blocks called cells. Normal cells grow and m...

How Does My Doctor Know I Have Gallbladder Cancer?

Cancer of the gallbladder is often hard to find. That’s partly due to its interior location. And it’s also because many people do not have any symptoms in the early stages of the disease. If you’re ha...

How Does My Doctor Know I Have Testicular Cancer?

If you have symptoms that could be caused by testicular cancer, your doctor will run a series of tests to find out. The symptoms of testicular cancer can also be signs of less serious problems. Inflam...

What is Penile Cancer?

The penis is part of the external male genitalia. It contains many types of tissue, including skin, nerves, smooth muscle, and blood vessels. The urethra, the tube through which urine and semen leave ...

What Are the Symptoms of Anal Cancer?

Sometimes anal cancer does not cause any symptoms at all. Bleeding from the rectum is the most common symptom of anal cancer. These are other symptoms: Pain or pressure in the anal area Itching around...

How Does My Doctor Know I Have Head and Neck Cancer?

When you go to the doctor with symptoms, he or she will get a full medical history and do a complete physical exam. The doctor will also do a thorough examination of your head and neck. The exam may i...

Understanding Cancer Tests

Doctors use tests like mammography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT) scans to help them screen for, diagnose, treat, and monitor cancer. If you have been diagnosed with c...

How Does My Doctor Find Oral Cancer?

Oral cancers may be found during routine dental or medical exams, or they may be brought to a doctor's attention if they start to cause symptoms. Your health care provider may check for signs of oral ...

Finding Out You Have Uterine Cancer

You’ve just been told, “You have uterine cancer.” That’s scary to hear. However, knowledge is powerful and can help make a difference in how you handle your experience with cancer. Every woman who has...

I've Just Been Told I Have Pancreatic Cancer

There are very few things scarier than being told you have cancer. You may feel like you’re in shock. You may not even want to believe what the doctor has told you. There are probably so many question...

I've Just Been told I Have Stomach Cancer

Few things are scarier than being told you have cancer. You may feel like you're in shock. You may not even want to believe what the doctor has told you. There are probably so many questions you want ...

Overview of Leukemias

What is leukemia? Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells — usually the white blood cells. Leukemic cells look different than normal cells and do not function properly. What are the different types of l...

Lymphomas

There are many types of lymphomas that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Hodgk...

Bone Cancers

There are many bone cancers that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Chondrosarc...

Diagnostic Procedures for Cancer: Overview

What are diagnostic procedures for cancer? When symptoms suggest cancer, your doctor may request or perform any of the following procedures to help diagnose it: A detailed medical history--family and ...

Ovarian Cancer

What are the ovaries? The ovaries are female reproductive organs located in the pelvis. There are 2 of them — 1 on each side of the uterus. The ovaries produce eggs and the female hormones estrogen an...

Facts About Skin Cancer

What are statistics? Some people use numbers called statistics to figure out their chances of getting cancer. Or they use them to try to figure out their chance of being cured. Because no 2 people are...

What is Bladder Cancer?

What is bladder cancer? Bladder cancer occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing in the bladder. The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimated 73,000 diagnosed cases of bladder cancer in 2...

What is Cancer?

What is cancer? Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells. Cancer cells rapidly reproduce despite restriction of space, nutrients, or signals sent from the body to stop reproduction. Cancer cells are ofte...