Intermountain Cancer Centers’ Orthopedic Oncology Program is highly specialized in treating sarcomas, which are rare kinds of cancers affecting bones, muscle, fat, and connective tissues. Some tumors start in bone or soft tissues and others start elsewhere and then spread (or metastasize) to the musculoskeletal system.

Surgical, medical, and radiation oncologists at Intermountain Cancer Centers work together as a multidisciplinary team to provide the best comprehensive care for patients with cancer. Our surgical oncologists use the most advanced and least invasive techniques possible. Surgery is the primary treatment for most bone cancers and soft tissue sarcomas, and may be paired with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy before or after surgery.

Treatments and Procedures

Most bone and soft tissue carcinomas in the arms or legs can be treated with limb-sparing or limb-salvaging surgery, rather than amputation (surgical removal of the limb). Rarely is amputation necessary to control the tumor, but it may be needed for patients with a very large tumor involving the major nerves and blood vessels of the arm or leg. Reconstructive surgery may involve a bone graft or an endoprosthesis (internal prosthesis) to replace the bone that is lost.

Tumors in the pelvis, jaw, spine, or skull can involve excision and bone grafts, curettage to scoop out the tumor (leaving a hole in the bone), or cryosurgery, which freezes and kills the cancer.

The most common conditions treated are metastatic cancer, multiple myeloma, lymphoma to bone or soft tissues, osteosarcoma, Ewings sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and soft tissue sarcomas. We also treat bone cysts, giant cell tumors, osteoid osteomas, osteochondromas, enchondromas, nonossifying fibromas, chondroblastomas, fibrous dysplasia, lipomas, and hemangiomas.