Radiologists are specialized physicians who specialize in performing tests to diagnose diseases.  Radiologists can be board-certified through the Board of Radiology, which is recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties.

Subspecialties of Radiology:

A radiologist, through extensive clinical work and related research, may also specialize in one or more radiology subspecialties.
 

Breast imaging (Mammography)

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of breast diseases and conditions. This includes mammography, breast ultrasound, breast MRI, and breast procedures such as breast biopsy.
 

Cardiovascular Imaging

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of diseases of the heart and blood vessels (including the arteries and veins, and the lymphatics). This includes X-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), ultrasound and MRI.
 

Chest Radiology

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of diseases of the chest, especially the heart and lungs. This includes X-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound, MRI and chest procedures, such as lung biopsy and drainage of fluid from the chest.
 

Emergency Radiology

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of trauma and non-traumatic emergency conditions. This includes X-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound and MRI.
 

Gastrointestinal (GI) Radiology

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of the gastrointestinal (GI), or digestive tract (the stomach and intestines) and abdomen. This includes fluoroscopy, X-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound, MRI, and GI procedures such as biopsy, fluid and abscess drainage.
 

Genitourinary Radiology

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of the organs of the reproductive and urinary tracts. This includes X-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), MRI and procedures such as biopsy, kidney stone removal, and uterine fibroid removal.
 

Head and Neck Radiology

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of diseases of the head and neck. This includes X-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound and MRI.
 

Musculoskeletal Radiology

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of the muscles and the skeleton. This includes X-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound and MRI.
 

Neuroradiology

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of the brain and nerves, head, neck and spine. This includes X-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound and MRI.
 

Pediatric Radiology

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of diseases of children. This includes X-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound, MRI and procedures such as fluoroscopy, biopsy and drainage of fluid or abscess collections.
 

Interventional Radiology

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the imaging, diagnosis and treatment of patients utilizing minimally invasive interventional techniques. This includes imaging and treatment of the blood vessels (such as angiography, angioplasty and stent placement), biopsy procedures, line and tube placement, uterine fibroid removal, fluid and abscess drainage, These can be performed with X-rays, fluoroscopy, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound or MRI.
 

Nuclear Radiology

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the imaging, diagnosis and treatment of patients with trace doses of radioactive material. This includes imaging of the heart, the skeletal system, and most organs in the body (for example the thyroid and parathyroid glands, liver, spleen, kidneys, lungs, etc). It also includes the treatment of various conditions in the body such as a hyperactive thyroid gland and thyroid cancer. The imaging modalities include a gamma imaging, PET, and PET/CT.
 

Radiation Oncology

The subspecialty of radiology devoted to the treatment of cancer with radiation. The radiation may be delivered from an outside X-ray source or may be injected into the body.
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