A physician treats a patient's foot.

Achilles Tendon Injuries

An Achilles tendon injury is when the tendon that connects the calf muscle to the heel bone gets stretched, torn, irritated and inflamed. It is the largest tendon in the body, and is important for walking, running, and jumping.

Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle

Arthritis causes pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints of the foot.

Ankle Fracture Surgery

An ankle fracture is when one or more of the three bones in the ankle breaks and is very common. Ankle fracture surgery can help the ankle to heal.
A physician treats a patient's foot.

Ankle Joint Replacement

Ankle joint replacement (also known as total ankle arthroplasty) is a surgical procedure to treat severe arthritis of the ankle.
A female provider talks with a pediatric patient who is in a wheelchair.

Ankle Sprains

An ankle sprain is a tear or stretch of the ankle ligaments. Ligaments are the bands of tissue that attach the bones to each other. A sprain can result from twisting the ankle during a fall or an awkward step.


Clubfoot is a term used to describe a foot that is twisted at birth. It can be congenital (happens during development), positional (due to the baby’s position in the womb), or syndromic (connected to another medical condition). It is more common in families with a history of clubfoot and can often be corrected with gentle stretching and casts.
A female nurse in blue scrubs talks with a female patient in a clinic exam room

Foot and Ankle Fractures

The foot has many bones and any of them can fracture (break or crack). With some fractures, the bones break but don’t move around, but other fractures involve a bone that moves or is shattered in many places.

Foot Fractures

A foot fracture is a break in one or more of the bones of the foot. The bone may be in the foot, heel, toe, or ankle. These fractures are often caused by strain or stress on the foot during exercise. Foot fractures can take a few weeks or several months to heal, depending on the type and severity of the injury.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can have many different causes. Discover ways to treat the pain and when you should see a doctor.

Foot Tendon Tears

A foot tendon tear is when one of the tendons in the foot is damaged from sudden injury or overuse. A tendon tear can be painful and make it hard to do any activities that require you to put weight on your foot.

Foot Tendinitis

Foot tendinitis [ten-duhn-EYE-tiss] is when one of the three tendons in the ankle and foot become inflamed. Tendons are tough bands of tissue that connect muscle to bone. It can be very painful. Although not common, sometimes surgery is needed to help treat it.

High Arched Foot

If you have highly arched feet, it may cause pain or even disability. Using good shoes with high arch support, or custom orthotic inserts, can help you walk and get around more comfortably.

Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

A stress fracture of the bone or ankle is a break in the foot or ankle bones. It is also called a hairline fracture. These breaks often happen because of repeated stress on the foot bones over time from things like running, sports, or other kinds of exercise.

Tibial Fractures

A tibial fracture is a fracture of the tibia (shinbone) in the lower leg, caused by a strong force on the bone or stress over time. Treatments for a tibia fracture include immobilization, like a cast, setting, or surgery in severe cases.