Bone marrow transplantation, also known as blood and marrow transplantation, has evolved over the past 20 years into a successful therapy for a variety of malignant and non-malignant diseases that, in the past, would not have been curable. It has been proven to help with many cancer-related illnesses and some autoimmune diseases, such as leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma, and aplastic anemia.
Types of Transplants
Bone marrow transplantation involves the replacement of stem cells from bone marrow following a high dose of chemotherapy and radiation. You and your transplant physician will decide which type of transplant is the best treatment option for you. The two main types are allogeneic, a donor supplies the marrow or stem cells, and autologous, the patient's own bone marrow or stem cells are used.
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