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Many people may not experience any symptoms of high blood pressure. If blood pressure or hypertension becomes severe however, signs may include:
Most commonly, blood pressure develops gradually over many years. Certain things can increase your risk for high blood pressure:
To measure your blood pressure, your health care provider will wrap a special cuff around your arm. The cuff is attached to a machine or gauge. When the cuff is inflated, it measures the pressure in your blood vessels in millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
Blood pressure is measured with 2 numbers, for example, “120 over 80” (written as 120/80). The first number is your systolic pressure (when your heart beats). The second number is your diastolic pressure (when your heart rests between beats).
Your health care provider will check your blood pressure several times to determine if you have high blood pressure on a regular basis.
If your blood pressure is high, your doctor may recommend two different options to help control it:
You can manage your BP with MAWDS “MAWDS” is a word that can help you manage your risk factors and your blood pressure. It means:
Your lifestyle habits play a big role in your blood pressure — and you are in control of your habits. The habits listed below can help you lower your blood pressure and prevent hypertension:
Blood pressure is the force of blood against the inside walls of your arteries. If your arteries become narrow or hardened, the pressure of the blood inside goes up, causing high blood pressure (hypertension).
About one in three US adults, nearly 68 million, has high blood pressure. High blood pressure can damage your arteries, reduce blood flow to your organs, and make your heart work harder. If not controlled, it can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and other health problems.
If you’ve been diagnosed with high blood pressure, it’s important to control it as soon as possible. In most cases, high blood pressure is controlled using both lifestyle change and medications.