Aortic valve replacement is a treatment for aortic valve stenosis. Many patients require heart surgery to repair or replace the aortic valve, though less invasive options may be suitable for certain patients (see aortic valve repair/replacement – transcatheter).
During valve replacement surgery, the damaged valve is removed by a cardiothoracic surgeon. A prosthetic valve is inserted and secured in place with small stitches. Valve replacement is best performed before the heart becomes permanently damaged from the strain of the diseased valve. Less invasive surgeries with smaller incisions such as minithoracotomy for aortic or mitral valve replacement are suitable for certain patients. Cardiothoracic surgeons at Intermountain Medical Center are the leaders in research for improved prosthetic valves as well as investigative trials for less invasive valve replacement.
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