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    5 Things to Know About Diabetes

    5 Things to Know About Diabetes

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    Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience frequent urination, they will become increasingly thirsty and hungry. An estimated 29 million Americans have diabetes and 382 million people have it worldwide. Diabetes has become one the nation's top chronic health conditions.

     

    1. What are the symptoms of diabetes?

    Common symptoms of diabetes:

    • Urinating often
    • Feeling very thirsty
    • Feeling very hungry - even though you are eating
    • Extreme fatigue
    • Blurry vision
    • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
    • Weight loss - even though you are eating more (type 1)
    • Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)

    Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the risk of developing the complications of diabetes.

     

    2. What are the risk factors for diabetes?

    • Family history. If you have relatives with diabetes, chances are strong you’ll get it, too. Anyone who has a mother, father, sister, or brother with type 1 diabetes should get checked. A simple blood test can diagnose it.
    • Diseases of the pancreas. They can slow its ability to make insulin.
    • Infection or illness. Some infections and illnesses, mostly rare ones, can damage your pancreas.

    Type 2. If you have this kind, your body can't use the insulin it makes. This is called insulin resistance. Type 2 usually affects adults, but it can begin at any time in your life. The main things that lead to it are:

    • Obesity or being overweight. Research shows this is a top reason for type 2 diabetes. Because of the rise in obesity among U.S. children, this type is affecting more teenagers.
    • Impaired glucose tolerance. Prediabetes is a milder form of this condition. It can be diagnosed with a simple blood test. If you have it, there’s a strong chance you’ll get type 2 diabetes.
    • Insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes often starts with cells that are resistant to insulin. That means your pancreas has to work extra hard to make enough insulin to meet your body's needs.

     

    3. What is the difference between Diabetes Types 1 and 2?

    Type 1 diabetes: The body does not produce insulin. Some people may refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years. Type 1 diabetes is nowhere near as common as type 2 diabetes. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are this type. Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They must also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.

    Type 2 diabetes - The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance). Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are type 2.

     

    4. What kind of complications are associated with diabetes?

    • Skin complications
    • Eye complications
    • Neuropathy

     

    5. There is lots of research going on now to learn how to prevent and treat diabetes.