Studies done with thousands of pregnant women do not show any increased risk to the mother or baby. Specifically, there was no increase in:
- Preterm birth
- Birth defects
In addition, there was no increase in side effects from the vaccine in pregnant women.
Yes. The vaccine is recommended for women who are breastfeeding.
- Research show that the vaccine does not affect the safety of your breastmilk.
- Since the vaccine does not contain the COVID-19 virus, there is no risk of infecting your baby.
- If you get the vaccine, you can pass the antibodies to your baby through breast milk. This may help protect your baby from COVID-19.
There’s no evidence that women in their first or second trimester are at higher risk if they get the vaccine. You can get the vaccine at the same time as other vaccines you are getting during your pregnancy.
It’s OK to get pregnant after getting the vaccine.
If you get the vaccine, there may be side effects. That’s normal and expected and it’s a sign the vaccine is working. Side effects include a sore arm, body aches, fever, fatigue, headache. The mRNA vaccines currently available are 91 to 93 percent effective if you get both doses. They are not fully effective until 2 weeks after the last dose. Be sure to get the second dose of the mRNA vaccines. The J&J vaccine is 72% effective two weeks after receipt.
If a woman had a severe reaction to another vaccine, they should let their vaccine provider know so they can be observed for a longer period of time after they get the vaccine.