Symptoms of osteitis pubis can be mild at first but worsen with activity. If you have osteitis pubis, you might experience some combination of the following:
- Your pelvis is painful to the touch.
- Your lower abdomen hurts.
- You experience pain when coughing, sneezing, or using abductor muscles.
- There may be a popping or clicking sound when you rise from a seated position or when walking.
- You experience weakness or a loss of mobility and flexibility.
- You have a fever or chills.
In later stages of osteitis pubis, you may develop an irregular walk or gait. Because many of these symptoms also mimic those of a hernia or lower back pain, it’s important to consult with your doctor to get the right diagnosis.
Osteitis pubis is usually caused by one of the following:
- Surgery. Osteitis pubis is a well-known complication of some kinds of gynecological surgery.
- Sports injury. Overuse and overextension during activity can lead to osteitis pubis.
- Pregnancy. Due to hormones that shift the gap between the pelvic bones to accommodate childbirth, women may develop osteitis pubis while pregnant or after giving birth.
- Trauma or accident. Injury to the pelvic region may cause the inflammation and bone stress that is present in osteitis pubis.
- Rheumatological disorders. Conditions that cause inflammation throughout the body may result in osteitis pubis.
Diagnosis and Tests
To determine if you are suffering from osteitis pubis, your doctor will probably conduct a physical exam and talk with you about your personal and family medical history. If further information is needed to make a diagnosis, your doctor may recommend one of the following tests:
- Blood or urine tests
- CT scan
- Bone scan
Some of these tests may be done to rule out other causes for your pelvic pain such as a hernia or other joint dysfunction or injury.
Treatments & Prevention
Treatment for osteitis pubis can involve one of two different approaches: non-surgical or surgical. Non-surgical treatment can involve some combination of the following:
- Heat and ice therapy
- Physical therapy
- Medicine like anti-inflammatories and pain relievers
Surgical treatment is only advised in severe cases that do not respond to non-surgical treatment. This type of surgery involves fusion and can have a long recovery period of up to a year.