Caudal Steroid Injections

A low back (caudal) steroid injection is an injection into a portion of the the outer part of the spinal canal (epidural space). The injection can help reduce chronic lower back and leg pain caused by sciatica, spondylosis, facet joint pain, spinal stenosis, herniated discs, and other back problems.

Cervical Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection

A cervical [SERV-ick-uhl] transforaminal [tranz-for-AM-eh-nuhl] steroid injection delivers medicine to the epidural area of the spinal cord in the neck.Steroids are powerful pain relievers that can be injected into a joint or the spine to relieve acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) pain.

Chronic Pain Management

Research has shown that the best pain management combines multiple techniques, taking into account the effect of pain on body, mind, and spirit.

Costovertebral Block

A costotransverse or costovertebral joint injection can provide relief from pain in the ribs or upper back by applying medication into the joints between the ribs and spine.

Facet Joint Injection

Facet joint injections are given where two vertebrae join together.

Electromyography (EMG)

Electromyography, or EMG, is a test that uses electrodes to check the electrical signals in the muscles and nerves. This test can be used to diagnose muscle and nerve problems, such as carpal tunnel syndrome.

Fascia Iliaca Block

A fascia iliaca nerve block is a way to “turn off” pain signals in the hip and thigh. It’s used to prevent pain during surgery and as you heal afterward.


Lumbar Fusion

Lumbar spinal fusion surgery joins 2 or more spinal bones (vertebrae) so that they eventually grow into 1 solid bone. It can relieve pain due to sciatica, herniated disc, or spinal stenosis. The goal of spinal fusion is to stop abnormal movement and thus eliminate pain in your back and legs.

Lumbar Sympathetic Block

A lumbar sympathetic block provides anesthetic relief to nerves surrounding the spine, the lower back, and the lower part of the body including the legs.

Medial Branch Block

A medial [MEE-dee-uhl] branch block is an injection to block the pain signals from the medial nerves near the facet joints of the spine. It is a diagnostic tool that will help determine the source of your back pain.

Nerve Conduction Study (NCS)

A nerve conduction study, or NCS, is a procedure that tests how your nerves and muscles respond to electrical current. This information is used to help diagnose problems with your nerves and muscles.
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Neuropsychological Evaluation

A neuropsychological evaluation is an assessment of the brain’s function. The evaluation typically involves an interview with a specialist and a series of tests.
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Radiofrequency Ablation

Learn more about radiofrequency ablation, including procedural and recovery details.


Spinal Fusion

Spinal fusion is a surgery to join two or more spinal bones (vertebrae) so that they eventually grow into one solid bone. The goal of spinal fusion is to stop abnormal movement and thus eliminate pain in your back and legs.


Stellate Ganglion Block

A stellate ganglion [STEL-eyt GANG-glee-uhn] block is an injection (“sympathetic nerve block”) that may help reduce chronic pain. While a nerve block injection is a minor procedure, other chronic pain treatments meant to lessen spinal pain and restore mobility (such as vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty, and rhizotomy) are more invasive and may carry more risks.

Vagal Nerve Stimulation

Vagal nerve stimulation is when a device is implanted into the chest and attached to the vagus nerve in the neck. The device puts out mild electrical pulses to control seizures in those diagnosed with epilepsy who have not responded to other types of treatment.