- Universita degli Studi di PAVIA - Pavia, in Doctor of Medicine, 1982
- Specialization School of Sport Medicine - Pavia, in Sports Medicine, 1985
- American Medical Society for Sports Medicine
- Sports Medicine
Sport and exercise medicine from prevention to diagnosis to treatment. Sport-related musculoskeletal injuries. Cardiopulmonary and other medical issues related to exercise, including exercise-induced asthma, cramps, fainting, unusual fatigue, and loss of performance. Exercise prescription for the prevention and treatment of disease. Physiological evaluation of athletes, including V02 max, lactate threshold, body composition, and strength evaluation. Training programs to optimize athletic performance. Bike fitting and bike biomechanics.
I currently coach professional cyclists including Levi Leipheimer and George Hincapie. Previously, I coached Lance Armstrong, Andy Hampsten, and triathletes Chris Lieto, and Steve Larsen. My wife Julie is a marathon runner and our son and daughter are active in tennis, soccer, skiing, and swimming. When I'm not practicing medicine, developing and coaching professional and amateur athletes, attending to cyclists on the pro tour, or writing books about sports performance, I love to cycle and ski.