Heart valve repair/replacement is a treatment for a diseased or damaged heart valve. In a healthy heart, valves open and close to ensure the proper one-way flow of blood through the heart. But if your heart valves have been damaged or diseased, they may fail to work correctly. This places extra strain on your heart muscle. Depending on your valve problem, your doctor will recommend one of these solutions:
Repair: In a repair, your surgeon will reshape the faulty valve to make it function better.
Replacement: If repairing your valve isn't possible, your surgeon may choose to replace it with a mechanical valve (a valve made of mechanical parts) or with a tissue valve (a valve from a human donor or an animal).
Many patients require open heart surgery to treat aortic stenosis. A cardiovascular surgeon removes the diseased valve and replaces it with either a mechanical or tissue valve.
Patients who are considered “inoperable” or very high risk for surgery may be eligible for a less invasive method of replacing the aortic valve called Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR).
Mitral valve repair or replacement involves heart surgery to repair the mitral valve for many patients, though less invasive options may also be considered.
Valvuloplasty is a catheterization procedure used to treat heart valve stenosis. It involves inflating a balloon-tipped catheter inside a narrowed valve to increases the valve's mobility. This can increase the blood volume pumped out with each heartbeat.
© 2018 Intermountain Healthcare. All rights reserved. The content presented here is for your information only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, and it should not be used to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns.
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