Symptoms

  • Severe hip or groin pain
  • The inability to move after a fall or accident
  • The inability to put weight on a leg
  • Difficulty walking
  • Bruising
  • Swelling
  • A visible deformity in the hip area
  • One leg appearing shorter than the other

Causes

Hip fractures are usually caused by a ground level fall or a blow to the hip. They are most common in older people, especially those with osteoporosis (bone loss). Hip fractures are rare in younger people and are usually caused by high-impact trauma, like a car accident.

Diagnosis & Tests

Your doctor will ask about your injury and your medical history. They will then do a physical examination and ask about your pain and symptoms. One of more imaging tests will be needed to determine the location and severity of the break.

Most hip fractures are diagnosed with plain x-ray. Occasionally, minor fractures like a stress fractures require a CT (computed tomography) scan to show the fracture. Bone quality and location of the fracture will determine what type of surgery will be required to stabilize the fracture.

Treatments & Prevention