Overview of Aortic Valve Stenosis

Aortic valve stenosis means that the aortic valve, which allows blood to leave the heart, has narrowed and can't open all the way. The smaller opening causes high pressure in the left side of the heart (called the left ventricle), and the heart has to work harder to pump blood.

Over time, the extra work causes the walls of the left ventricle to thicken. A thick heart does not work well and is unable to pump the amount of blood your body needs. Patients feel shortness of breath, dizziness, and chest pain.

aortic-stenosis

Treatments for Aortic Valve Stenosis

Your doctor will discuss your treatment options with you. Possible treatments for aortic valve stenosis include:

  • Aortic Valve Repair or Replacement

    Many patients require open heart surgery to treat aortic stenosis. A cardiovascular surgeon removes the diseased valve and replaces it with either a mechanical or tissue valve.

  • Aortic Valve Repair or Replacement

    Patients who are considered "inoperable" or very high risk for surgery may be eligible for a less invasive method of replacing the aortic valve called Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR).

  • Valvuloplasty

    Valvuloplasty is a catheterization procedure used to treat heart valve stenosis. It involves inflating a balloon-tipped catheter inside a narrowed valve to increases the valve's mobility. This can increase the blood volume pumped out with each heartbeat.

Learn about Aortic Valve Stenosis

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