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Urogenital disorders are problems that affect the urinary and genital tracts (reproductive organs).
Before birth, development of the urinary tract and genital tract are closely linked. The parts of the urinary tract are located near or run through parts of the genital tract. It’s common for a problem with one tract to affect or be related to the other.
The urinary tract is responsible for removing waste and extra water from the body. The urinary tract includes:
The female genital tract includes the:
The male genital tract includes the:
There are many different urogenital disorders. Some disorders are due to abnormal development of the baby during pregnancy. These are known as congenital disorders and are sometimes seen before birth using ultrasound. Others are found after delivery either during a physical exam or later in life because of another related problem.
Some types of urogenital disorders are acquired, meaning the disorder develops over time or may be the result of an infection, illness, or injury. These can be acute – they come on suddenly and get better over time. Or, they may be chronic – they develop slowly and are long-lasting or reoccur often.
Examples of urogenital disorders:
Common signs of a urogenital disorder can include:
Other symptoms will depend on the specific disorder.
See a doctor if you or your child experiences any of the above symptoms.
In younger children, watch for signs of discomfort or for changes in bathroom use habits.
Causes will depend on the specific disorder.
Your doctor may test you for esophageal cancer if:
There is no standard screening test for esophageal cancer, but there are a number of tests that can help your doctor diagnose this disease:
Diagnostic tests can help your doctor diagnose esophageal cancer, but they also have some risks, including:
There are six common kinds of treatment for esophageal cancer. These include:
Only your doctor can decide which esophageal cancer treatment is right for you. This depends on the stage of the cancer, where the cancer is in your esophagus, and other factors that your doctor can talk to you about.
There are two main ways of preventing esophageal cancer. These are avoiding risk factors that cause cancer, and increasing protective factors that help prevent cancer.
Risk factors for esophageal cancer include:
Protective factors for esophageal cancer include:
Urogenital disorders are problems that affect the urinary and genital tracts (reproductive organs). Development of the urinary tract and genital tract are closely linked so it’s common for a problem with one to affect the other. There are many different types of urogenital disorders. Some are present at birth while others may develop later in life. Symptoms and treatment will depend on the specific disorder.